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Image from page 103 of "A description and history of vegetable substances, used in the arts, and in domestic economy" (1829)

Image from page 103 of
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Identifier: descriptionhisto00sociuoft
Title: A description and history of vegetable substances, used in the arts, and in domestic economy
Year: 1829 (1820s)
Authors: Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (Great Britain)
Subjects: Botany, Economic
Publisher: London C. Knight
Contributing Library: Gerstein - University of Toronto
Digitizing Sponsor: University of Toronto

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Text Appearing Before Image:
d knots, is generally pictu-resque. Its autumnal hues are particularly beautiful. Elm. Of this tree there are about fifteen species. TheCommon Elm (Ulmus campestris) is generally un-derstood to be indigenous in the south part of theisland; and, at any rate, it must have been in Eng-land in the time of the Saxons, as many compoundnames of places, of which the word elm forms apart, are to be met with in Domesday Book,the drawing up of which was finished in 1086, Elm is a tough and strong timber; but it is coarseand open in the grain, more especially when it hasgrown upon very rich land. That which grows in themore fertile parts of England is far inferior to the pro-duce of the midland counties of Scotland ; the latterbeing much closer in the grain, harder, more handsome,and taking a finer polish. Of the one, chairs andother aiticles of furniture are made, while the other isseldom used but for coarse purposes—casks, coffins,wooden presses, &c. The Scotch seems to be the THE ELM. 95

Text Appearing After Image:
Elm— Ulmus campestris. Mountain Elm (C7/7?2wsmo7i^a7m), called w^ch-hazel,or wych-elm in some parts of England, and cor-rupted to witch elm. The timber of this is some-times described as being inferior to that of the elmof the plains in closeness and strength; but theancient statute enjoining the use of bows, in whichthe wych-haxel is mentioned, and the elm not, isagainst that hj^othesis. The elm attains a large size, and lives to a greatage. Mention is made of one planted by Heni-y IV.oi France, which was standing at the Luxembourgat the commencement of the French Revolution.One at the upper end of Church-lane, Chelsea, (saidto have been planted by Queen Elizabeth,) was felledin 1745. It was thirteen feet in circumference atthe bottom, and one hundred and ten feet high.Piffes elm, near the Boddington Oak, in the vale ofGloi.cester, was, in 1783, about eighty feet high, andthe smallest girth of the principal trunk was sixteenfeet. From the planting of Sir Francis Baconselms, in Gray

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Date: 2014-07-28 02:40:36

bookid:descriptionhisto00sociuoft bookyear:1829 bookdecade:1820 bookcentury:1800 bookauthor:Society_for_the_Diffusion_of_Useful_Knowledge__Great_Britain_ booksubject:Botany__Economic bookpublisher:London_C__Knight bookcontributor:Gerstein___University_of_Toronto booksponsor:University_of_Toronto bookleafnumber:103 bookcollection:gerstein bookcollection:toronto BHL Collection

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